In Antiquity, the Romans, for their requirements in armament, exploited Copper which conceals from what was known thereafter by Djebel Ouenza.

1863 settlement of the first Europeans to research iron ore in Ouenza.

Exploitation of the iron ore in Beni-Saf by the Mokta-El-Haddid          Company.

1878 Obtaining the first prospecting permit in the perimeters of Ouenza         and Boukhadra.

1878 French engineer Tissot discovers the iron ore layer of Anini.

1894 Beginning of the exploitation of the phosphate layer of Kouif,         Tébessa, by the Company of Phosphates of Constantine.

1901 Concession for the research and the exploitation of the iron ore         Ouenza granted to the French geologist Pascal.

1913 Foundation of the Company of Ouenza.

1914 Interruption of the activity due to war causes.

1921 Renewal of the activity and startup of the junction line (electrified         line) of iron Ouenza - Wadi-Keberit.

1930 Startup of the junction line of the railroad (electrified Line) of         Boukhadra (Mine of Boukhadra).

1935 Archivement of the junction line of railroad (electrified Line) of         Annaba Oued-Keberit.

1940 Beginning of the exploitation of junction line by the Railroads.

1952 Electrification of the facilities of the mines of Ouenza and         Boukhadra (semi-mechanization of the exploitation).

1955 Beginning of the realization of the junction line of railroad of         Tébessa - Djebel-Onk.

1966 Nationalization of the mines of Algeria.

1967 Creation of the National Company Research and Mines Geology          SONAREM.

1979 Creation of the Foundry of Ouenza, Tébessa.

1983 Reorganization of the SONAREM ompany.

1983 Creation of National Company of iron and phosphate, FERPHOS.

1985 Closing of the iron Mine of Beni-Saf (exhaustion of the reserves)         and beginning of the exploitation of pozzolana on the same         concession.

1990 FERPHOS joint stock company ruled by the common law.

1991 Creation of the Research and Studies Center Applied to         Development, CERAD.

2001 Signature of the agreements of partnership with international         group LNM, and creation of ISPAT Company Tébessa for the         exploitation of the mines of Ouenza and Boukhadra.

2003 Creation of FERBAT, spa subsidiary of real estate.