Antiquity, the Romans, for their requirements in armament, exploited
Copper which conceals from what was known thereafter by Djebel
1863 settlement of the first
Europeans to research iron ore in Ouenza.
1870 Exploitation of the iron ore in Beni-Saf by the
1878 Obtaining the first prospecting
permit in the perimeters of Ouenza
1878 French engineer Tissot
discovers the iron ore layer of Anini.
1894 Beginning of the exploitation
of the phosphate layer of Kouif, Tébessa, by the Company
1901 Concession for the research
and the exploitation of the iron ore Ouenza granted to the French
1913 Foundation of the Company
1914 Interruption of the activity
due to war causes.
1921 Renewal of the activity
and startup of the junction line (electrified line) of iron
Ouenza - Wadi-Keberit.
1930 Startup of the junction
line of the railroad (electrified Line) of Boukhadra (Mine of
1935 Archivement of the junction
line of railroad (electrified Line) of Annaba Oued-Keberit.
1940 Beginning of the exploitation
of junction line by the Railroads.
1952 Electrification of the
facilities of the mines of Ouenza and Boukhadra (semi-mechanization
of the exploitation).
1955 Beginning of the realization
of the junction line of railroad of Tébessa - Djebel-Onk.
1966 Nationalization of the
mines of Algeria.
1967 Creation of the National
Company Research and Mines Geology SONAREM.
1979 Creation of the Foundry
of Ouenza, Tébessa.
1983 Reorganization of the SONAREM
1983 Creation of National Company
of iron and phosphate, FERPHOS.
1985 Closing of the iron Mine
of Beni-Saf (exhaustion of the reserves) and beginning of the
of pozzolana on the same concession.
1990 FERPHOS joint stock company
ruled by the common law.
1991 Creation of the Research
and Studies Center Applied to Development, CERAD.
2001 Signature of the agreements
of partnership with international group LNM, and creation of
Tébessa for the exploitation of the mines of Ouenza and
2003 Creation of FERBAT, spa
subsidiary of real estate.